Lesson Title: Making Words With Short A
Curriculum Area: English Language Arts
Technology Strand: Keyboard Util./Desktop Pub./Word Processing
Grade Level: 1
Essential Question: What happens if the beginning letter of a word is changed?
A Activity Summary Through the use of activities and centers students will use strategies and skills to make new words.
C Curriculum English Language Arts
1.01 Develop phonemic awareness and demonstrate knowledge of alphabetic principle:
- count syllables in a word.
- blend the phonemes of one-syllable words.
- segment the phonemes of one-syllable words.
- change the beginning, middle, and ending sounds to produce new words.
T Technology Keyboard Util./Desktop Pub./Word Processing
2.05 Locate and use letters, numbers, and special keys (e.g., arrow keys, space bar, insert Enter/Return, Backspace, Delete) on the keyboard.  
Activating Strategies
Think,Pair, Share
Teacher will put blue letters (at, an, word families) and black consonants r, c, n, f, s, h, B, Y, P, t, & m. in a pocket chart. Students will be asked to work in pairs to manipulate the letters to make words. Students will share one favorite word they created. Examples: Pat, Pan, Ban, Bat, Yam, hat, ham, can, cat)
Technology Vocabulary: 
Detailed Technology Instructions:
Cognitive Teaching Strategies
#1 Teacher will place the following letters a, c, m, n, p, r, t in a pocket chart that is located in the front of the room. Each student will receive an eraser board and the letters that are placed in the pocket chart.

#2 Teacher will dictate a word and tell how many letters to use, and use it in a sentence to explain meaning of each word. ie."Lets make some words, cap, The baseball player wears a cap on his head." Say it slowly c-a-p. What do you hear first? Put that letter on the board.
What do you hear in the middle? What do you hear at the end? Check with your fingers to see if it looks right. Run your fingers under the words and pull the sounds across to blend the word - c-a-p.

#3 "Now you will change one letter, look at your word and see which one should be changed before you move any letters. Invite student volunteer to make the word in the pocket chart using letters. Students will make their own words by choosing another beginning letter.

#4 Change one letter, look to see if the change is in the beginning, middle, or end. N-a-p. The baby took a nap after lunch. Change one letter to make a new word. Continue making words by changing the beginning letter.

"Can you tell me what letter you changed to make a new word? What two letters stayed the same? Students will give various answers. The answer would be that the first letter was changed but the other two letters stayed the same. I would then tell the students the endings are called "word families" because they have the same last letters. The words the students made with -ap- will sound alike/rhyme.

Each student will have a literacy folder with a piece of paper listing the centers that the students have completed.

  1. Starfall.com
    Students will use Starfall.com website to read and listen the -Book- Zac the Rat. Next students will move to the second part of the program and Make a Word using the short a sound. The culminating exercise is Watch a Movie about Zac the Rat and read along with the narrator. As students complete each new word, they will record the word on a sheet of paper and stoe it in their literacy folders.
  2. Magnet Board
    Using Wiggle Works Magnet Board students think and write as many words as they can using the ending letters -at and several different consonants for beginning sounds. Students should print their work once they have finished.
  3. Reading Rods
    Students will pair up to create several different words using the Reading Rods consonant rods and short a vowel rods. Students will record their words on the word list sheets provided for each student and put it in the literacy folder.
  4. Word Sorts
    Students will sort words with short a. Students will cut out and sort words with -ap and -an, Afterwards, they will write these words in the appropriate columns. Next,students will put their word sort list in their folder.
  5. Kids Work Deluxe
    Students will sign on as themselves so they will have their name on their newly created book. Students will write two sentences using two words with -ap, -an-at, ending. Next, they will illustrate their sentences. For example, I have a black cat that wears a hat. Students will print their work and put it in their folder.
  6. Make A Word
    Students will make CVC words with short a. Students will select consonant and vowels as they place them in the CVC elephants. After making a word, students will list the words on their "CVC Word List".
Summary Strategies
Each student will be given construction paper with a letter, c, m, h, r, f, n, s, p, and the vowel "a". The teacher will say the word slowly and students will come to the front of the class, in groups of three, to make the word.
For directions on how to download files choose: Mac (Kid Pix or Microsoft  Works), Windows (Kid Pix or Microsoft Works or Office), or Mac/PC (AppleWorks).
Reading Rods
Wiggle Works - Magnet Board
Kids Work Deluxe
Word Sorts
Eraser Board
Pocket Chart
Word Families by Judy Lynch ISBN 0-590-68570-8
Reading Rods by Learning Resources written by Mary Beth Spann ISBN 1-56911-064-6
Re-teaching and Enrichment Activities
Re teaching: Provide letter cards a, c, m, n, p, t, r and guide students through making several short a words by changing the beginning sounds. Then ask students to see how many more words they can make using the letters. (kinesthetic)
Enrichment: Students may move on to more challenging words and vowel sounds using www.Starfall.com, or more challenging words using the Reading Rods, or Word Sorts.

The concept for this lesson plan was submitted by

Vicky   Cunningham

 Falkener Elementary, Data last modified: 12/22/2006